Lung Care Treatment

Lung Diseases

 
 

Lung diseases are some of the most common medical conditions in the world. Smoking, infections, and genes cause most lung diseases. Your lungs are part of a complex system, expanding and relaxing thousands of times each day to bring in oxygen and send out carbon dioxide. Lung disease can happen when there are problems in any part of this system.

 

Lung Diseases Affecting the Airways

 

Your windpipe (trachea) branches into tubes called bronchi, which in turn become smaller tubes throughout your lungs. Diseases that can affect these airways include:

  • Asthma
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD)
  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Emphysema
  • Acute bronchitis
  • Cystic fibrosis
 

Lung Diseases Affecting the Air Sacs (Alveoli)

 

Your airways branch into tiny tubes (bronchioles) that end in clusters of air sacs called alveoli. These air sacs make up most of your lung tissue. Lung diseases affecting your alveoli include:

  • Pneumonia
  • Tuberculosis
  • Emphysema
  • Pulmonary edema
  • Lung cancer
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
  • Pneumoconiosi
 

Treatments for lung and breathing disorders will depend on the severity and sometimes root cause of the disease. Our team of specialists will work closely with you to develop an individualized treatment plan.

   

Asthma

 
 

Asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow and swell and may produce extra mucus. This can make breathing difficult and trigger coughing, a whistling sound (wheezing) when you breathe out and shortness of breath.

 

Asthma, for some people, is a minor nuisance. It can be a major problem for many others. It interferes with their daily activities and may also lead to a life-threatening asthma attack.

 

Asthma can't be cured however, its symptoms can be controlled. Asthma often changes over time, it is hence important that you work with your doctor to track your signs and symptoms and adjust your asthma treatment as needed.

 
Symptoms
 

The symptoms of asthma vary from person to person. One may have infrequent asthma attacks, have symptoms only during certain times (for example, when exercising) or have symptoms all the time.

  The signs and symptoms of asthma include:
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness or pain
  • Wheezing when exhaling, which is a common sign of asthma in children
  • Trouble sleeping caused by shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing
  • Coughing or wheezing attacks that are worsened by a respiratory virus, such as a cold or the flu
  Signs that your asthma is worsening: 
  • Exercise-induced asthma, which may be worse when the air is cold and dry
  • Occupational asthma, triggered by workplace irritants such as chemical fumes, gases or dust
  • Allergy-induced asthma, triggered by airborne substances, such as pollen, mould spores, cockroach waste, or particles of skin and dried saliva shed by pets (pet dander)
 

Causes

 
  • Inherited from the parents
  • Developed infection in the airways at a young age
  • Tendency to develop allergies
  • Environmental factors

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